What is Bullying?
Bullying is seeking to intimidate, coerce, harm, threaten, abuse, aggressively dominate and/or use force against an individual perceived to be vulnerable.
What are the causes for bullying?
- Personally have been a victim of bullying
- An expression of anger and/or frustrations due to other situations or problems
- Poor upbringing
- Violent games or films
- Attention seeking
- Abusing position of power
The effects of bullying:
Bullying does not only affect the victim, but it also effects the person inflicting the bullying.
The effects of bullying on the victim:
- Social isolation
- Feelings of shame
- Disturbed sleep
- Changes in eating habits
- Low self-esteem
- Avoiding school
- Symptoms of anxiety
- Higher risk of illness
- Psychosomatic symptoms (stomach aches, headaches, muscle aches, other physical complaints with no known medical cause)
Poor school performance
- Symptoms of depression
- Chronic depression
- Increased risk of suicidal thoughts, suicide plans, and suicide attempts
- Anxiety disorders
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Poor general health
- Self-destructive behaviour, including self-harm
- Substance abuse
- Difficulty establishing trusting relationships
The effects of bullying on the bully:
- Poor school performance due to regular truancy or suspension
- Increased risk of substance abuse
- Difficulty maintaining relationships
- Risk of anti-social behaviour
How can The STA Foundation help?
We will deliver a talk and a presentation at your organisation informing the recipients about bullying, its effects, who they can speak to and where help can be obtained.
Call us on freephone 0800 038 9807 or email on firstname.lastname@example.org
Different types of bullying
Physical bullying – this is the most obvious type of bullying. This is when an individual causes harm to another individual or their possessions by physical contact. This could be pushing and shoving, stealing, hitting, fighting and/or intentionally damaging or destroying someone’s property/belongings.
Verbal bullying – this is the most common type of bullying. This involves an individual using hurtful words and language to upset another person(s). This could be derogatory name calling, laughing at someone or threatening them, spreading rumours or lies about someone, being insulting towards an individual, shouting at an individual or speaking to them in a rude and unkind tone.
Relational/Emotional bullying – this form of bullying is the most common amongst young people, in particular, girls. This is when an individual wants to increase their own social standing by controlling or bullying another individual. An example of this is social exclusion – making someone feel “left out”. Relational/emotional bullying is not as easy identifiable as physical bullying, but it can continue for a long period of time without being noticed.
Cyberbullying – this is when an individual uses technology to target, harass and/or embarrass another individual. This includes sending messages on mobile phones or emailing, posting hurtful photo’s on social media and making online threats.
Sexual bullying – this is when an individual repeatedly harms and/or humiliates someone sexually. This includes sexual name-calling, crude comments, vulgar gestures, uninvited touching, sexual propositioning and pornographic material.
- A fifth of young people in the UK have been bullied in the past 12 months
- Three out of four people who were bullied said it affected their mental health (11th November 2019 – source BBC news)
- Bullying is the leading concern for boys contacting Childline
- 45% of young people experience bullying before the age of 18
- 36% of young people aged 8 to 22 are worried about being bullied at school, college or university
- 38% believe their school, university or college doesn’t take bullying seriously
- More than 16,000 young people are absent from school because of bullying
- 83% of young people say bullying has a negative impact on their self-esteem
- 30% of young people have gone on to self-harm as a result of bullying
- 10% of young people have attempted to commit suicide as a result of bullying