What is Child Abuse?
Child abuse is when a child under the age of 18 is intentionally harmed by an adult or another child – it can be over a period of time but can also be a one-off action. It can be physical, sexual or emotional and it can happen in person or online. It can also be a lack of love, care and attention – this is known as neglect.
We can all play our part in preventing abuse by looking out for signs that seem out of the ordinary. We can also help a child who has experienced abuse to get their life back on track. Local authorities and certain other agencies or organisations that come into contact with children have a legal duty to protect them.
Types of Child Abuse:
- Bullying & cyberbullying
- Child sexual exploitation
- Child trafficking
- Domestic abuse
- Emotional, physical, sexual abuse
- Female genital mutilation
- Online abuse
Effects of Child Abuse:
There are many immediate and long-lasting effects that child abuse can have including:
- Negative effects on a child’s health, relationships and education
- Adults who were abused as children may find it harder to cope with life’s stresses, get a good job, or be a good parent.
- Mental health problems
- Drug or alcohol issues
- Criminal behaviour
Child Abuse Statistics: (Source: ONS)
- The Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) estimated that one in five adults aged 18 to 74 years experienced at least one form of child abuse, whether emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, or witnessing domestic violence or abuse, before the age of 16 years (8.5 million people).
- It is possible to identify around 227,500 child abuse offences recorded by the police in the year ending March 2019 of which around 1 in 25 (4%) resulted in a charge or summons.
- While not all cases continue through the criminal justice system, almost four in five of child abuse-flagged Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) prosecutions were successful in securing a conviction in the year ending March 2019 (79%).
- Childline delivered 19,847 counselling sessions to children in the UK where abuse was the primary concern in the year ending March 2019; sexual abuse accounted for nearly half (45%) of these and has become the most common type of abuse counselled by Childline in recent years.
- At 31 March 2019, 52,260 children in England were the subject of a child protection plan (CPP) and 2,820 children in Wales were on the child protection register (CPR) because of experience or risk of abuse or neglect; neglect was the most common category of abuse in England and emotional abuse was the most common in Wales.
How can The STA Foundation help?
Our team can deliver a presentation at your organisation to raise awareness, educate the recipients about Child Abuse and inform them of who they can seek support from.
Contact us for further information:
Call us on freephone 0800 038 9807 or email on firstname.lastname@example.org